I want to encourage you to leave comments. We are amateurs and I'm sure we make mistakes in the identity of some of the flowers. We are photographers first and botanist second. I do hope you enjoy the photography. Click on any picture to make it larger.

Thursday, September 3, 2015

White Wood Aster (Eurybia divaricata)

Photographic Location: Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

This wildflower is a member of the Aster family (Asteraceae).

White Wood Aster is native to Eastern U.S. and typically grows in the wild in dry open woods. It grows in loose clumps with dark, sprawling, sometimes zigzag stems up to 2.5' tall. Distinctive leaves are heart-shaped, stalked and coarsely toothed. Small but abundant flowers (to 1 inch across) have white rays and yellow to red center disks and appear in flat-topped, terminal clusters in late summer to early fall. Attractive to butterflies.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.
 

Saturday, August 22, 2015

Wild Poinsettia (Euphorbia cyathophora)

Photographic Location: Wilson County in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae).

Wild Poinsettia  is closely related to Toothed Spurge (Euphorbia dentata Michx.); this latter plant also occurs in Tennessee. Wild Poinsettia has upper leaves and bracts that turn red at their bases near the inflorescence; it is the showier of the two plants. Both of these plants are rather weedy in their habits.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here. 

Toothed Spurge (Euphorbia dentata Michx.)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae).

Toothed Spurge is closely related to Wild Poinsettia (Wild Poinsettia (Euphorbia cyathophora); this latter plant also occurs in Tennessee. Wild Poinsettia has upper leaves and bracts that turn red at their bases near the inflorescence; it is the showier of the two plants. Both of these plants are rather weedy in their habits.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here


Friday, August 21, 2015

Prairie Tea (Croton monanthogynus Michx.)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae).

The foliage of Prairie Tea is reasonably attractive, while the flowers are insignificant. The common name refers to the resemblance of robust specimens to cultivated tea plants; however, the foliage is unsuitable as a source of tea. Generally, Croton spp. are typical prairie plants of the southern plains; they are less typical of eastern tall grass prairies, where they are often displaced by taller vegetation in fertile areas.

Very similar to Woolly Croton (Croton capitatus) minus the Woolly!

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Thursday, August 20, 2015

Fewflower Ticktrefoil (Desmodium pauciflorum Nutt.)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Pea Family (Fabaceae).

This plant is rarely seen by common folk because of the habitat in which it lives and its indistinct appearance. This species resembles other species in the genus but is distinguished by its pure white flowers and short stature. It can form colonies when growing in favorable conditions.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Panicled Tick Trefoil (Desmodium paniculatum L.)

Photographic Location: Wilson County in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Pea Family (Fabaceae).

Also called panicledleaf ticktrefoil, narrow-leaf tick-trefoil, and panicled tickclover, is a perennial herb and wildflower native to eastern and southern North America.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.
 

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Yellow Passion Flower (Passiflora lutea L.)

Photographic Location: A friends property in Middle Tennessee.

This wildflower is a member of the Passion-Flower Family (Passifloraceae)

Yellow passionflower is often good for butterfly gardens, as it is a host for gulf fritillaries, julia butterflies (Dryas julia), and zebra longwings (Heliconius charitonius). It is also the only pollen source used by an unusual specialist bee, Anthemurgus passiflorae, which is the sole member of its genus; this rare bee is unusual in that despite its obligate relationship with the plant (oligolecty), it does not pollinate it.

Photographic Location: A friends property in Middle Tennessee.
 
For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.
 

Sunday, August 16, 2015

Facebook Followers

   I appreciate all the people who follow me on Facebook. However, I feel some of you are missing out. A lot of you just look at the picture and go about your day. If you actually click on the picture you will be carried to the blog. From the blog you can do more things.

   From the blog page, you can search all the previous post. You can search by common name (not very accurate) or by the scientific family name (best). You can even search by Genus (very specific). I have almost 500 wildflowers posted on the blog.

   You can get tips on wildflower photography and my favorite wildflower publications. There is even a section which tells you just what a wildflower is.

   I hope in the future you will take full advantage of the blog. Just remember, I am a photographer, not a biologist. I have a lot of resources and do my best to accurately identify every flower I post. However... I will make mistakes! Feel free to help me out on these occasions.  photos, by George ©
          
                                                          http://wallacegeo.blogspot.com
Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.

Saturday, August 15, 2015

Lax Hornpod (Mitreola petiolata)

Photographic Location: Couchville Cedar Glades in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Pinkroot Family (Loganiaceae).

This plant is very easy to ID in the field because of its spreading inflorescence, tiny white flowers, and 2-carpellate fruits.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Friday, August 14, 2015

Great ragweed, Giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida L.)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.

This wildflower is a member of the Aster family (Asteraceae).

This is the giant among the ragweeds, reaching towering heights and possessing long flower spikes. The pollen of ragweeds is spread by wind rather than by insects. Can be invasive, especially in disturbed areas such as a stream bank. Pollen from Great Ragweed contains many antigens that cause hay fever.

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.
For more information about this wildflower, Click Here

Thursday, August 13, 2015

False Flowering Spurge (Euphorbia pubentissima)

Photographic Location: Couchville Cedar Glades in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae).

The common name Spurge for members of the Euphorbia species is reported to come from the French word meaning purge – this plant has some strong medicinal and potentially poisonous properties, so do not ingest it. Further, the milky white sap is reported to be highly irritating to the skin, possibly even causing blistering. So carefully inspect it closely; it is an interesting plant. 

 For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Wednesday, August 12, 2015

Whorled Milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

Photographic Location: Couchville Cedar Glades in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the Milkweed Family (Asclepiadaceae).

Whorled milkweed is a single-stemmed, unbranched perennial, 1-3 ft. tall. The narrow, linear leaves are whorled along the stem. Small, greenish-white flowers occur in flat-topped clusters on the upper part of the stem.

Because of its toxicity to livestock, this plant is considered a weed in range areas.


For more information about this wildflower, Click Here

Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Yellow Giant Hyssop (Agastache nepetoides)

Photographic Location: Taylor Hollow State Natural Area in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the Mint Family (Lamiaceae).

 The pale yellow flowers are not very showy because they seem small in comparison to the rest of the plant and only a few flowers are in bloom at the same time.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Monday, August 10, 2015

Tennessee Leafcup (Polymnia laevigata Beadle)

Photographic Location: Taylor Hollow State Natural Area in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the Aster family (Asteraceae).

 Little is known about the biology of this rare species. It’s not even clear if it’s an annual, perennial, or biennial. Numerous species of insects have been observed visiting Tennessee leafcup and carrying away pollen, including bees, bugs, wasps, flies, and ants. It apparently also self-pollinates to a high degree, which may contribute to its rarity since selfpollination leads to lowered genetic diversity and decreased adaptability.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Sunday, August 9, 2015

Guadeloupe Cucumber (Melothria pendula L.)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee

This wildflower is a member of the  Cucumber family (Cucurbitaceae)

The flowers are so tiny, it is the tiny, smooth watermelon-like fruit of the Guadeloupe Cucumber vine that attracts more attention. These tiny fruits are edible when they are young (but do your own research on Melothria pendula and make sure you've got the correct species!) I can personally attest that they taste like a cucumber. Guadeloupe Cucumber is a thin vine that grows to 6 or more feet long. The “pendula” species epithet comes from the fruit dangling at the end of the pedicel. 

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee
  For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.
 

Friday, August 7, 2015

Downy Skullcap (Scutellaria incana)

Photographic Location: Cummings Falls State Park in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the Mint Family (Lamiaceae).

Distinguishing Scutellaria spp. (Skullcaps) is rather tricky, but here are some key characteristics of Downy Skullcap: 1) Except for the lowest leaves, the leaf bases are well-rounded, rather than heart-shaped; 2) this species of Skullcap blooms later and grows taller than most; 3) except for the upper leaf surfaces, the entire plant is finely pubescent, and it has no sticky glandular hairs; and 4) the racemes of its flowers are terminal, rather than axillary.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.
 

Thursday, August 6, 2015

False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)

Photographic Location: Burgess Falls State Park in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Nettle Family (Urticaceae).

Tiny greenish flowers are in small, head-like clusters, arranged in continuous or interrupted spikes in the axils of opposite leaves. Plant lacks stinging hairs.

This species differs from Clearweed (Pilea pumila), the other member of the Nettle Family lacking stinging hairs, in that it does not have a translucent stem and is taller.


For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.
 

Sunday, August 2, 2015

Carolina Bugbane (Trautvetteria caroliniensis)

Photographic Location: Beaman Park in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the  Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae).

The flowers of Trautvetteria caroliniensis have no petals, but have up to 100 white stamens radially surrounding up to 15 pistils.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Honeyvine (Cynanchum laeve)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the  (Asclepiadaceae) Milkweed Family

Being from the Asclepiadaceae , this plant will "bleed" a white, latex-like secretion when pinched or bruised. Don't get this in your eyes nose or mouth as it can be irritating or harmful.


This plant is seen as a weed by some but it always dies back in the fall leaving the large fruits hanging until they split open dorsally. The seeds can be carried a great distance by the wind. 


For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Saturday, July 25, 2015

Groundnut (Apios americana)

Photographic Location: Burgess Falls State Park
This wildflower is a member of the  Pea Family (Fabaceae).

 Climbing vine with maroon or reddish-brown pea-like flowers in compact racemes arising from leaf axils.

This legume has a cord-like rootstalk with edible tubers the Indians gathered for food. The Pilgrims relied on them as a food source during their initial years in Massachusetts. The tubers can be used in soups and stews or fried like potatoes; the cooked seeds can also be eaten. The flowers are sufficiently beautiful to warrant cultivation, but the plant tends to take over. The generic name, from Greek for pear, alludes to the shape of the tubers. Prices Groundnut (A. priceana), a endangered species with greenish-white flowers and purple tips, occurs in Kentucky, Tennessee, and southern Illinois.


Photographic Location: Burgess Falls State Park

 For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Friday, July 10, 2015

White Prairie Clover (Dalea candida Michx.)

Photographic Location: Cedars of Lebanon State Park in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the Pea Family (Fabaceae).

Often occurring in patches, these perennials bear at least 8-10 slender, 1-2 ft. stems and groups of short, narrow leaflets. Tiny, individual flowers cluster around a cylinder-like cone. Several branched stems with smooth, bright green leaves, and dense spikes of white, bilaterally symmetrical flowers. The bright, white flowers start as a ring around the base of the cone and work upward as the season advances.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Slender Heliotrope (Heliotropium tenellum)

Photographic Location: Couchville Cedar Glades in Middle Tennessee.
This wildflower is a member of the  Borage Family (Boraginaceae).

A hairy, many-branched annual, 4-16" tall. Leaves are alternate, linear, entire, averaging 1" long. Flowers are white about 0.4" wide, 5-lobed and solitary at the ends of leafy branches.

 Bloom time: June-August. But is infrequent.

Found in calcareous soils, dry woods, and barrens. In cedar glades of the Central Basin of Middle, TN in Davidson, Wilson, Williamson, Maury, Marshall, Rutherford and Giles counties.

The genus name Heliotropium comes from the Greek word "helios" meaning sun and "trope", meaning to turn, referring to the idea that these flowers turn to follow the sun. The leaves and flowers of many plants turn toward or away from light and are known as heliotropic. The species name tenellum means tender, delicate, referring to the tiny white flowers and the overall fragile nature of the plants. The Slender Heliotrope is the only native Heliotropium in Tennessee, and is distinctive because its flowers are solitary and do not appear in a coiled cyme like the Scorpion's Tail plant.

Photographic Location: Couchville Cedar Glades in Middle Tennessee.

  For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Curtiss' Milkwort (Polygala curtissii)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester TN.
This wildflower is a member of the  Milkwort family (Polygalaceae).

 The open flower heads with mature flowers appearing loose, and the alternate leaves are distinctive features of Curtiss' Milkwort.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Tuesday, July 7, 2015

Scarlet Beebalm (Monarda didyma L.)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee
Scarlet Beebalm is aromatic herb a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae). It is also known by the common names Bergamont, Oswego Tea, and Crimson Beebalm.

The common name Beebalm refers to the use of a resin derived from the plant that may be used for healing and soothing in particularly of bee stings. The common name Oswego Tea refers to the Oswego native Americans living near the present day city of Oswego in upstate New York who taught early white settlers how to make a herbal tea from the plants leaves. The common name Bergamont is derived from its fragrance that is similar to the fragrance of the Bergamont orange. The genus name Monarda is in recognition of Nicolas Monardes, a Spanish physician, who authored an early herbal that introduced Europe to many of the plants from North America. The species name didyma translates from the Latin meaning "in pairs" or "twins" referring to the stamens occurring in pairs.

Monday, July 6, 2015

Narrowleaf White-Topped Aster (Sericocarpus linifolius)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester TN.
The genius name sericocarpus is from the Greek serikos, "silk," and karpos, "fruit,"referring to the dry fruits that are covered with silky hairs. The species name linifolius means "flax-like leaves," referring to the narrow, linear leaves.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Friday, July 3, 2015

Horned Bladderwort (Utricularia cornuta)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester TN.
Horned bladderwort is a carnivorous plant that may be difficult to see when not in flower, because the stems and threadlike leaves are very inconspicuous. The leaves have small bladders on them that trap very small invertebrates. The bladder opens suddenly when trigger hairs are disturbed, sucking in the prey. This is very rare, only appearing in Coffee county TN. It is endangered in TN.



For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park in Manchester Tennessee

As you know by now, a lot of the wildflower pictures come from our visits to Tennessee State Parks and Natural Areas. This post highlights Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park. Judy and I spent 4 days camping and hiking the trails around this park. The upper trail, which takes you around the fort, was a leisurely 2.3 mile hike. The lower trail is quit a bit more strenuous but gives you great views of the waterfalls.

This is the gathering place which is surrounded by a stone wall.

The Old Stone Fort was built during the Middle Woodland Period, 1,500-2,000 years ago. Native Americans used this area continuously for about 500 years, eventually leaving it abandoned. By the time European settlers arrived, it was unclear of what the area had been used for which resulted in it being misnamed as a fort. In 1966, the state of Tennessee purchased 400 acres of the Chumley estate as the core of what is now Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park.

The Duck River at Manchester which borders Old Stone Fort.

The walls of the Old Stone Fort consist of stone and earthwork, and are on average approximately 4–6 feet high. The walls originally consisted of an inner and outer layer of crudely stacked rocks and slabs with gravel and earthen fill in between. Over the centuries, the earthen fill has spilled over the rock layers, giving the walls their current mound-like appearance.

What looks like a small hill is actually a stone wall that surrounds the "fort"
The park is home to an abundance of activities for guests to enjoy. The main hiking trail follows the wall of Old Stone Fort which was used by the Native Americans as a ceremonial gathering place. The trail threads through dramatic scenery where you can see the original entrance of the fort which was designed to face the exact spot on the horizon where the sun rises during the summer solstice. Visitors can learn about the Old Stone Fort on this hike with twelve interpretive panels as well as enjoying the areas graceful waterfalls.

One of the large falls on the Duck River
The powerful Duck River made the Old Stone Fort's peninsula an attractive site for mills as early as 1823, when Samuel Murray built a rope factory on the Little Duck River. Although the factory burned in 1847, it was followed by W.S. Whitman's paper mill further downstream in 1852. In 1862, Whitman built a powder factory adjacent to his paper mill to supply the Confederacy during the Civil War; it was destroyed by Union troops the following year. In 1879, the Stone Fort Paper Company built a large mill near Big Falls on the Duck River. The mill supplied paper to newspapers throughout the Southeast— including the Nashville Banner and the Atlanta Constitution— until the early 20th century. The mill's foundations are on the bluffs overlooking Big Falls, and can be accessed via the Old Stone Fort Loop Trail.

Judy, Angel and I sitting in the ruins of the Stone Fort Paper Mill near Big Falls at the Old Stone Fort's northwestern section.


Another falls on the Duck River.
The Old Stone Fort attracts history enthusiasts from all over. The park’s museum consists of displays of prehistoric Native American replicas as well as dioramas and photos. The exhibits provide information on the theories regarding the enclosure’s builders, archaeological excavations at the site and the culture of its builders. There is also a small theater for viewing an orientation film and other videos as well as group presentations. The museum also houses the welcome center, park office and gift shop.

For more information, please contact Old Stone Fort State Park directly at 931-723-5073.
 

Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis L.)

Photographic Location: Old Stone Fort State Park in Manchester TN.
When I took this picture, I was holding on to a tree branch with one hand, camera in the other leaning out over the duck river! Lucky to get the picture at all.

Buttonbush is an easy-to-recognize bush that grows in water or moist soil. It is easy to identify because of its flowers and fruits. They are usually seen in marshes, and bordering streams, ponds, and lakes. They also grow in wet woods, thickets, and ditches.

Buttonbush flowers are clustered in white "balls," about 1 1/2 inches wide (ping-pong ball size). When the flowers disappear, they leave brown, button-like fruits filled with seeds. Buttonbush blooms from June to August; fruits stay on the plant from September to October.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

White Avens (Geum canadense Jacq.)

Photographic Location: Old Stone Fort State Park in Manchester Tennessee

This Flower is in the Rose Family (Rosaceae).

White Avens complements any woodland garden as a groundcover or in a mass planting. The leaves resemble those of strawberries. Its evergreen winter foliage also makes it attractive as a potted plant. The seeds attach to dog fur or clothing.

Photographic Location: Old Stone Fort State Park in Manchester Tennessee
For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Saturday, June 27, 2015

Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is a member or the Aster Family (Asteraceae).

You can always tell its summer when this wildflower blooms. This cheerful, widespread wildflower is considered an annual to a short-lived perennial across its range. Bright-yellow, 2-3 in. wide, daisy-like flowers with dark centers are its claim-to-fame. They occur singly atop 1-2 ft. stems. The stems and scattered, oval leaves are covered with bristly hairs. Coarse, rough-stemmed plant with daisy-like flower heads made up of showy golden-yellow ray flowers, with disk flowers forming a brown central cone.

This native prairie biennial forms a rosette of leaves the first year, followed by flowers the second year. Black-Eyed Susan can be distinguished from other Rudbeckia spp. by its lanceolate hairy leaves and the long hairs on the stems; most of the leaves occur toward the base of each stem, and never have lobes.


Photographic Location: Old Stone Fort State Park in Middle Tennessee

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.


Friday, June 26, 2015

Lizard's Tail (Saururus cernuus)


Photographic Location: Old Stone Fort State Park in Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the Acanthus Family (Acanthaceae).

An upright, hairy perennial, growing to 4 ft. in height. Slender, nodding, solitary spikes of tiny, white flowers occur opposite a leaf. Leaves are lance-shaped to nearly triangular with a cordate base. Many tiny, fragrant, white flowers are on a slender, tapering, stalked spike with a drooping tip.

This is a mostly southern species of shaded marshes and stream margins. The common name and the genus name, from the Greek sauros (lizard) and oura (tail), depict the shape of the drooping flower cluster.


For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Monday, June 22, 2015

Hairy Angelica (Angelica venenosa)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester, TN

This wildflower belongs in the Carrot or Parsley Family (Apiaceae).

This plant grows in open oak woods and borders, but especially on dry slopes.  The upper part of the stem and the umbels are densely covered with short, whitish, and velvety hairs.  The lower leaves can be twice or thrice pinnate, and the leaflets are elliptic and thick.  The petioles are sheathing, which is one its major characteristics.  The flowers are snow-white and in umbels without bracts.  Although many years ago Angelica venenosa had been reported to be poisonous, it was probably confused with Cicuta maculata (Water Hemlock).


Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester, TN
 For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Sunday, June 21, 2015

Maryland Meadow Beauty (Rhexia mariana)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester TN.
Maryland Meadow Beauty is a member of the Meadow Beauty family (Melastomaceae), which includes herbs, trees and shrubs, with flowers generally in clusters.

There are about 175 genera and 3,000 species, mostly in tropical regions, particularly South America, but Rhexia is native to the United States and Cuba. 

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Saturday, June 20, 2015

Tall Bellflower (Campanulastrum americana)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee
This wildflower is in the Bellflower Family (Campanulaceae). It has bloomed on my property for 20 years now. This plant is almost 6' tall.
 
In spite of the common name and the genus name, derived from the Latin campana (bell), the flowers of this species are usually flat, not bell-shaped as are many others in this family. Due to this feature, they have renamed this species from Campanula to Campanulastrum. Makes it hard to keep up.
 
Native Americans used the leaves of this plant to make a tea for treating coughs and tuberculosis.
 
For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Friday, June 19, 2015

Pencil Flower (Stylosanthes biflora)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester TN.
This flower is in the Bean or Pea family (Fabaceae).

Because it produces relatively few flowers at the same time and it is relatively small in size, Pencil Flower is fairly easy to overlook. It can be distinguished from similar species in the Bean family by the shiny veins on its leaves, stipules with beak-like ciliate tips, and asymmetrical seedpods (a narrow infertile segment followed by a broader fertile segment). There is some variability of this species across its range in regards to the hairiness of its stems, the erectness of its stems, whether flowers are produced individually or in small groups, etc. At the present time, these are regarded as variations of a single polymorphic species.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Butterfly Pea (Clitoria mariana)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester, TN.
This is a member of the Bean or Pea family (Fabaceae). It is also known as Atlantic Pigeonwings. 

Twining vine, occasionally erect, with large, showy, lavender-pink, pea-like flowers, usually solitary but occasionally up to 3, in the axils of compound leaves.

This plant is often confused with Spurred Butterfly Pea (Centrosema virginianum), which has upside-down flowers, the banner pointing downward, while that of Clitoria stands erect. 


For more information about this wildflower, Click Here

As a footnote, this genus was named after the human female genitals in 1678 by Rumpf, a German-born botanist employed by the Dutch East India Company. There were controversies in the past among botanists regarding the good taste of the naming of the genus, but they didn't prosper and the name Clitoria has survived to this day. You have to watch those frisky botanists!

Wednesday, June 17, 2015

Pale Purple Coneflower (Echinacea pallida)

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester Tennessee
This wildflower is a member of the Aster Family (Asteraceae).

Stout stems, 2-4 ft. tall, bear flowerheads having lavender, or rarely white, rays drooping from a large, spiny, cone-shaped center. The ray flowers vary in length and width. Coarse-haired, narrowly lance-shaped leaves are attached to the plant near its base.

I can be hard to distinguish this flower from Prairie Purple Coneflower (E. simulata). One way to tell is the pollen from E. simulata is yellow and the pollen from E. pallida is white.

Photographic Location: AEDC in Manchester, TN


This flower is rare in Tennessee and is endangered in TN.

For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.