I want to encourage you to leave comments. We are amateurs and I'm sure we make mistakes in the identity of some of the flowers. We are photographers first and botanist second. I do hope you enjoy the photography. Click on any picture to make it larger.

Monday, October 24, 2016

Aromatic Aster, Fall Aster, Wild Blue Aster (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium)

Photographic Location: Wilson County in Middle Tennessee.

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Sunday, October 9, 2016

Giant Ironweed, Tall Ironweed (Vernonia gigantea)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.
For more information about this plant, Click Here.

 

Sunday, October 2, 2016

Yellow Crownbeard (Verbesina occidentalis)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Maryland Golden Aster (Chrysopsis mariana)

Photographic Location: Fall Creek Falls State Park in Middle Tennessee.

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Friday, September 23, 2016

Erect Goldenrod, Showy Goldenrod (Solidago erecta Pursh)

Photographic Location: Fall Creek Falls State Park in Middle Tennessee.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.


Thursday, September 22, 2016

Downy Lobelia (Lobelia puberula)

Photographic Location: Fall Creek Falls State Park in Middle Tennessee.

Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Narrow Leaf Sunflower (Helianthus angustifolius)

Photographic Location: Fall Creek Falls State Park in Middle TN
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Friday, September 9, 2016

Woodland Sunflower (Helianthus divaricatus)


This wildflower is a member of the Aster family (Asteraceae).


For more information about this wildflower, Click Here.

Starry Campion, Widow's Frill (Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f.)


Caryophyllaceae (Pink Family)
 
Synonyms: Silene stellata var. scabrella

USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.

Photographic Location: Cumberland Mountain State Park, TN

An erect, loosely branching, perennial with lance-shaped leaves in whorls of four and terminal clusters of white, tubular flowers with flaring, deeply fringed petals. The sticky-stemmed plants average 2-3 ft. high. Deeply fringed, 5-petaled white flowers clustered atop tall slender stalks, with leaves mostly in whorls of 4.

This delicate wildflower is pollinated by butterflies and many kinds of moths. It is often grown in wildflower gardens.

Purple Fringeless Orchid (Platanthera peramoena)


Orchid family (Orchidaceae)

   Description: This native perennial orchid is 1-3' tall and unbranched. The central stem is light green and glabrous. Along this stem, there are 2-5 alternate leaves up to 8" long and 2" across; these leaves become smaller in size as they ascend the stem and they are held more or less upright. The leaf blades are light to medium green, lanceolate-oblong to narrowly ovate, and smooth along their margins; their veins are parallel. The central stem terminates in an elongated raceme of flowers about 3-8" long and 2½" across. The flowers are arranged somewhat densely all around the central stalk of the raceme, blooming from the bottom to the top. The flowers are usually bright rose-purple and less often pale rose-purple. Each flower is about 1" long and ¾" across, consisting of 3 petal-like sepals, 3 petals, the reproductive organs, and a nectar spur in the back (about 1" long) that nods downward. The upper sepal and two upper petals (about ¼" long) form a small hood (upper lip) above the reproductive organs. The lowest petal forms the lower lip of the flower (about ¾" long); it is deeply divided into 3 fan-shaped lobes that are barely fringed along their lower margins. The central lobe of the lower lip is larger than the lateral lobes; it usually has a small narrow notch in the middle of its lower margin. The lower sepals are about 1/3" long and form the sides of the flower; they extend further back than either the hood or the lower lip. Each flower has a stout ascending pedicel about 1" long. At the base of each pedicel, there is an ascending small bract (about ¾" long) that resembles a narrow leaf. The blooming period occurs during mid- to late summer and lasts about 3 weeks. Fertile flowers are replaced by erect seed capsules about ½–¾" long that are ellipsoid in shape. The capsules split open to release numerous tiny seeds that are dispersed by the wind. The root system consists of fleshy fibrous roots.

    Cultivation: The preference is full sun to light shade, moist conditions, and a slightly acidic soil that contains loam, silt, or gravel. Because the root system forms a symbiotic relationship with underground fungi, individual plants are difficult to transplant. During some years, this orchid may fail to flower.
    
    Range & Habitat: Purple Fringeless Orchid is widespread in TN but mainly in West TN and the Western Highland Rim. Habitats include moist meadows and prairies, prairie swales, openings in floodplain woodlands, swamps, moist thickets, gravelly seeps, streambanks, poorly drained fallow fields, and ditches. This orchid benefits from disturbance that reduces overhead trees and other kinds of competing vegetation. It is often found in seasonal wetlands that are flooded during the spring, but dry out during the summer.

    Faunal Associations: The nectar of the flowers attracts primarily large butterflies and Sphinx moths.  Various mammalian herbivores (deer, rabbits, cattle, etc.) sometimes browse on the foliage and flowers of this and other orchids. It may be necessary to place wire cages around individual plants or erect fences to prevent the destruction of local orchid populations by these animals.

    Photographic Location: Cumberland Mountain State Park, TN

    Comments: When this orchid is in full bloom, it is very eye-catching and beautiful.The species name peramoena means "very beautiful,"referring to the flowers of this strikingly attractive orchid.

Monday, August 29, 2016

Double Lobelia


Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Photographic Location: Wilson County Tennessee
Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis L.) 

Photographic Location: Wilson County Tennessee



Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family)

Saturday, August 13, 2016

Roundleaf Thoroughwort (Eupatorium rotundifolium)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
 For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

Slender Yelloweyed Grass, Twisted Yelloweyed Grass (Xyris torta)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
Xyridaceae (Yellow-Eyed-Grass Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Monday, August 8, 2016

St. Peter's-Wort (Hypericum crux-andreae)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
Clusiaceae (St. John's-Wort Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

 

Sunday, August 7, 2016

Mountain Pepperbush, Mountain Sweet Pepperbush, Cinnamon Clethra (Clethra acuminata)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Clethraceae (Sweet-Pepperbush Family)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
 For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Saturday, August 6, 2016

Flat-Topped White Aster (Doellingeria umbellata)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
For more information about this plant, Click Here

Friday, August 5, 2016

American Spikenard (Aralia racemosa)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Araliaceae (Ginseng Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Thursday, August 4, 2016

Whorled Coreopsis, Greater Tickseed, Major Coreopsis (Coreopsis major)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
For more information about this plant, Click Here

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

White Fringeless Orchid, Monkeyface Orchid (Platanthera integrilabia)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
 For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Tuesday, August 2, 2016

Orange Fringed Orchid, Yellow Fringed Orchid, Orange Plume, Bobwhite's-mocassin, Owl's-head (Platanthera ciliaris)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Photographic Location: Spencer Tennessee.
For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Monday, August 1, 2016

Black Cohosh (Actaea racemosa)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
AKA; Black Bugbane, Bugbane, Black Snakeroot, Fairy Candles

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Sunday, July 31, 2016

Mapleleaf Alumroot, Hairy Alumroot (Heuchera villosa)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Saturday, July 30, 2016

Fly poison, Crow poison (Amianthium muscitoxicum)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
 For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Friday, July 29, 2016

Rugel's Indian Plantain (Rugelia nudicaulis)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Thursday, July 28, 2016

Peruvian Daisy, Shaggy Gallant Soldiers (Galinsoga quadriradiata)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Aster family (Asteraceae)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Purple-flowering Raspberry (Rubus odoratus)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Rosaceae (Rose Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Field Hawkweed, King Devil (Hieracium caespitosum)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Aster family (Asteraceae)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Sunday, July 24, 2016

Turk's Cap Lily (Lilium superbum)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Photographic Location: Great Smokey Mountains National Park.
For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Sunday, July 10, 2016

Nodding Thistle (Carduus nutans)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee. Photo has been altered for artistic purpose.
Aster family (Asteraceae)

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.
For more information about this plant, Click Here.

Saturday, July 9, 2016

Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed (Helenium amarum)

Photographic Location: Wilson County in Middle Tennessee.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

For more information about this plant, Click Here.


Monday, July 4, 2016

Passion Flower (Passiflora)

Purple Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata)
By far the more common in my neck of the woods. This is one of Tennessee's two state wildflowers. The other state wildflower is the Tennessee Coneflower (Echinacea tennesseensis).

Yellow Passion Flower (Passiflora lutea L.)
I searched for years to see this flower! After I finally saw one at a friends house, I could see why it is so hard to find. This is a tiny flower, about the size of my thumb nail. The best way to find this flower is to look for the very distinctive leaves. By doing this I was actually able to find this flower growing on my property.

Yellow Passion Flower (Passiflora lutea L.)
Both of these flowers are members of the Passifloraceae (Passion-Flower Family).

For more information about these flowers, Click Here for Purple and Here for Yellow.


Sunday, July 3, 2016

Gattinger's Goldenrod (Solidago gattingeri)

Photographic Location: Flat Rock Cedar Glade in Middle Tennessee.
Photographic Location: Flat Rock Cedar Glade in Middle Tennessee.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)

This plant was small, about 1 1/2 feet. It was growing in typical cedar glade, lots of limestone and splotches of dried Nostoc. It was in full sun. It was in a huge field and was the only one of its kind. I searched the field with no luck. It is very near to where other rare glade flowers bloom in Rutherford county.

My personal opinion its Solidago gattingeri. However, I know this is a very rare and endangered flower, so I question my identification. I have been wrong before (please don't tell my wife). The location is exactly where you would expect to find this plant.

After consulting with several experts in the field and exhaustive research, I do believe this is Gattinger's. The other possibility is Missouri Goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis) which is also listed as threatened. Without digging up this specimen (which legally I can't do), it would be hard to tell the difference.

For more information about this plant, Click Here

Saturday, July 2, 2016

Plantains (Plantago)

Bracted Plantain (Plantago aristata)
English Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)
Dwarf Plantain (Plantago virginica)
These are members of the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae)

For more information about these plants, Click Here

Photographic Location: Sycamore Ridge Ranch in Middle Tennessee.